Impact of a mobile application (reminder app) on acute toxicity during radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancer – results of a randomized phase III trial (RAREST-02)

Dirk Rades*, Inga Zwaan, Jon Cacicedo, Karl L. Bruchhage, Samer G. Hakim, Denise Olbrich, Steven E. Schild, Soeren Tvilsted, Stefan Janssen

*Corresponding author for this work
2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancer (SCCHN) is often associated with acute toxicity. In a previous trial, daily reminders by staff members to perform skin care resulted in less dermatitis. This randomized trial investigated whether a mobile application can replace these reminders. Methods: Patients were stratified according to tumor site, treatment and center. Fifty-three patients were eligible for per-protocol-set (25 with, 28 without app). Primary endpoint was grade ≥ 2 dermatitis until 60 Gy. Secondary endpoints included dermatitis grade ≥ 2 until end of radiotherapy (EOT), dermatitis grade ≥ 3, and mucositis grade ≥ 2 and ≥ 3. Results: After an interim analysis, the study was terminated (delayed and slow accrual). Until 60 Gy, grade ≥ 2 dermatitis rates were 72% with vs. 82% without app (p = 0.38), grade ≥ 3 dermatitis rates 20% vs. 11% (p = 0.45). Until EOT, grade ≥ 2 and ≥ 3 dermatitis rates were 72% vs. 86% (p = 0.22) and 24% vs. 18% (p = 0.58). Until 60 Gy, grade ≥ 2 and ≥ 3 mucositis rates were 76% vs. 82% (p = 0.58) and 20% vs. 36% (p = 0.20). Until EOT, corresponding mucositis rates were 76% vs. 82% (p = 0.58) and 28% vs. 43% (p = 0.26). Conclusion: Given the limitations of this trial, the reminder app led to non-significant reduction of grade ≥ 2 dermatitis, grade ≥ 2 mucositis and ≥ 3 mucositis. Additional studies are required to define the value of reminder apps during radiotherapy for SCCHN.

Original languageEnglish
Article number989
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume22
Issue number1
ISSN1471-2407
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12.2022

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
  • Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-30 Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, Radiation Therapy and Radiobiology

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