Immune checkpoint inhibition and targeted therapy for melanoma: A patient-oriented cross-sectional comparative multicentre study

Alexander Thiem*, Pegah Mashhadiakbar, Christiane Cussigh, Jessica C. Hassel, Imke Grimmelmann, Ralf Gutzmer, Max Schlaak, Markus V. Heppt, Pia Dücker, Svea Hüning, Lena Schulmeyer, Bastian Schilling, Sebastian Haferkamp, Mirjana Ziemer, Rose K.C. Moritz, Victoria Hagelstein, Patrick Terheyden, Christian Posch, Maria R. Gaiser, Peter KroppSteffen Emmert, Britta Müller, Julia K. Tietze

*Corresponding author for this work
2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Choosing the adequate systemic treatment for melanoma is driven by clinical parameters and personal preferences. Objective: Evaluation of the impact of disease and treatment on the daily life of patients receiving systemic therapy for melanoma. Methods: A German-wide, cross-sectional comparative study was conducted at 13 specialized skin cancer centres from 08/2020 to 03/2021. A questionnaire was distributed to assess patients' perception of disease and symptoms, the impact of their current treatment on quality of life (QOL) and activities, adverse events (AEs), therapeutic visits, as well as believe in and satisfaction with their current systemic melanoma treatment. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) were rated on a continuous numerical rating scale or selected from a given list. Results: Four hundred and fourteen patients with systemic melanoma therapy were included. 359 (87%) received immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) and 55 (13%) targeted therapy (TT). About 1/3 of patients were adjuvantly treated, the remaining because of unresectable/metastatic melanoma. In subgroup analyses, only in the adjuvant setting, TT patients reported a significant decrease in their treatment associated QOL compared to patients with ICI (p = 0.02). Patients with TT were 1.9 times more likely to report AEs than patients with ICI, a difference being significant just for the adjuvant setting (p = 0.01). ICI treatment intervals differed significantly between adjuvant and unresectable/metastatic setting (p = 0.04), though all patients, regardless of their specific ICI drug, evaluated their treatment frequency as adequate. TT patients with dabrafenib/trametinib (n = 37) or encorafenib/binimetinib (n = 15) did not differ regarding the strain of daily pill intake. Patients older than 63 years rated various PROs better than younger patients. Conclusions: Patients evaluated their treatment mainly positively. ICI might be preferred over TT regarding QOL and patient-reported AEs in the adjuvant setting. Older melanoma patients appeared to be less impacted by their disease and more satisfied with their treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume37
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)884-893
Number of pages10
ISSN0926-9959
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
  • Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-19 Dermatology
  • 205-14 Haematology, Oncology

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