Immunadsorption in der Dermatologie

Translated title of the contribution: Immunoadsorption in dermatology

Abstract

Autoimmmune bullous diseases are mediated by pathogenetically relevant autoantibodies against components of the epidermis and/or superficial mucous membranes (in pemphigus) and structural proteins of the dermal-epidermal junction (in pemphigoid diseases). Using immunoadsorption (IA), an already well-established procedure in cardiac and rheumatic disorders, antibodies can be removed from the plasma. At present, most data on the adjuvant use of IA in dermatology are derived from patients with severe and/or refractory pemphigus vulgaris or pemphigus foliaceus and also from patients with pemphigoid diseases. Additionally, in the last few years different protocols for IA in patients with severe atopic dermatitis and elevated total serum IgE levels have been published. While panimmunoglobulin adsorbers are mainly used in dermatology, an IgE-specific adsorber has been used in some patients with atopic dermatitis and in the future, antigen-specific adsorbers are to be expected that will enable the specific reduction of autoantibodies.

Translated title of the contributionImmunoadsorption in dermatology
Original languageGerman
JournalHautarzt
Volume70
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)51-63
Number of pages13
ISSN0017-8470
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.01.2019

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