Imitatoren der systemischen Sklerose

Translated title of the contribution: Mimetics of systemic sclerosis

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by heterogeneous clinical symptoms. Peripheral skin fibrosis can be a common symptom. Nevertheless, a variety of diseases with different etiologies are associated with a thickening of the skin and make the initial diagnosis of systemic sclerosis more difficult.

OBJECTIVE: The different disease entities that can lead to dermal fibrosis should be differentiated. An earlier diagnosis of SSc would therefore be facilitated.

METHODS: A literature search was carried out for clinical pictures that can be associated with skin fibrosis. The clinical picture, the etiology and the treatment of the individual diseases are described.

RESULTS: Diseases that can mimic the cutaneous symptoms of SSc include morphea, scleroderma, diabetic cheirarthritis, scleromyxedema, nephrogenic systemic fibrosis and eosinophilic fasciitis. The characteristic pronounced skin involvement, an accompanying Raynaud's phenomenon, capillary microscopy, histopathology and antinuclear antibodies help to enable a differentiation of SSc from its mimics.

CONCLUSION: An early differential diagnostic distinction between SSc and other sclerosing diseases is important due to SSc-associated and potentially life-threatening systemic organ involvement. If a diagnosis of SSc has been made, a critical and organ-specific evaluation with respect to pulmonary, gastrointestinal, renal and cardiac involvement is mandatory and should be repeated at regular intervals.

Translated title of the contributionMimetics of systemic sclerosis
Original languageGerman
JournalZeitschrift fur Rheumatologie
Volume78
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)14-23
Number of pages10
ISSN0340-1855
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.02.2019

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)
  • Centers: Center for Rare Diseases (ZSE)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-18 Rheumatology
  • 204-05 Immunology

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