Imaging, endoscopy and diagnostic surgery

Lutz Wünsch*, Michael Buchholz

*Corresponding author for this work
1 Citation (Scopus)


Imaging of the inner genitalia and the gonads is part of the diagnostic work-up and is essential for an individualized approach to the disorder of sex development individual. Ultrasound is used as a first-line modality to detect the presence of a uterus and gonads. Magnetic resonance imaging can reveal the sex duct anatomy and details of prostate and pelvic muscle anatomy. Laparoscopy is an invasive surgical procedure that adds valuable information in gonadal dysgenesis and situations of diagnostic uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnderstanding Differences and Disorders of Sex Development (DSD)
Number of pages11
PublisherS. Karger AG
Publication date15.09.2014
ISBN (Print)9783318025583
ISBN (Electronic)9783318025590
Publication statusPublished - 15.09.2014


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