IgE-mediated mechanisms in bullous pemphigoid and other autoimmune bullous diseases

Nina Van Beek, Franziska S. Schulze, Detlef Zillikens*, Enno Schmidt

*Corresponding author for this work
11 Citations (Scopus)


Autoimmune bullous diseases (AIBDs) are characterized by autoantibodies against structural proteins of the dermal-epidermal junction (in pemphigoid diseases) and the epidermal/ epithelial desmosomes (in pemphigus diseases). By far, the most common AIBD is bullous pemphigoid, which is immunopathologically characterized by autoantibodies against BP180 (type XVII collagen) and BP230. IgG and, to a lesser extent, IgA autoantibodies are the major autoantibody isotypes in these disorders. IgE autoantibodies are increasingly reported in particular in bullous pemphigoid. The development of specific and sensitive anti-BP180 IgE ELISA systems, the report of two experimental murine models employing IgE autoantibodies against BP180, and the successful treatment of bullous pemphigoid with the anti-IgE antibody omalizumab have raised interest in the role of IgE autoantibodies and the modulation of their production in AIBDs. Here, the relevance of IgE autoantibodies in the diagnosis, pathophysiology, and treatment decisions of AIBDs, with a focus on bullous pemphigoid, is reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExpert Review of Clinical Immunology
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)267-277
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 03.03.2016


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