Histological analysis in experimental macular surgery with trypan blue

S. Grisanti*, P. Szurman, O. Tatar, F. Gelisken, S. Aisenbrey, J. Oficjalska-Mlynczak, R. Kaczmarek, K. U. Bartz-Schmidt

*Corresponding author for this work
11 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To analyse the effect of trypan blue on the retina in an experimental setting of macular surgery. Methods: Porcine eyes were used within 3 hours after death. The eyes were hemisected and the vitreous removed. Trypan blue (0.15%) was applied over the trephined posterior pole, whereas the rest of the eye cup was filled with a balanced salt solution (BSS). The dye and the BSS were removed after 1 minute and the complete eye cup irrigated and filled with fresh BSS. Both the treated and untreated retinas were illuminated with a standard surgical light pipe and source at maximum power for 10 minutes. Both the trypan blue exposed retina and the non-treated surrounding retina were processed for histology. Results: Exposure of the retina to trypan blue for 1 minute, followed by illumination caused no histologically detectable damage compared to the controls. No microarchitectural disorganisation, cellular disruption, or affection of the vitreoretinal interface was detected. Conclusions: These findings indicate that a 1 minute exposure of trypan blue folowed by illumination does not cause an acute morphologically detectable toxic effect on the porcine retina.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1206-1208
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 01.09.2004


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