High-speed fiber scanning endoscope for volumetric multi-megahertz optical coherence tomography.

Hinnerk Schulz-Hildebrandt, Tom Pfeiffer, Tim Eixmann, Sabrina Lohmann, Martin Ahrens, Josua Rehra, Wolfgang Draxinger, Peter König, Robert Huber, Gereon Hüttmann


We present a forward-viewing fiber scanning endoscope (FSE) for high-speed volumetric optical coherence tomography (OCT). The reduction in size of the probe was achieved by substituting the focusing optics by an all-fiber-based imaging system which consists of a combination of scanning single-mode fibers, a glass spacer, made from a step-index multi-mode fiber, and a gradient-index fiber. A lateral resolution of 11 μm was achieved at a working distance of 1.2 mm. The newly designed piezo-based FSE has an outer diameter of 1.6 mm and a rigid length of 13.5 mm. By moving the whole imaging optic in spirals for scanning the sample, the beam quality remains constant over the entire field of view with a diameter of 0.8 mm. The scanning frequency was adjusted to 1.22 kHz for use with a 3.28 MHz Fourier domain mode locked OCT system. Densely sampled volumes have been imaged at a rate of 6 volumes per second
Original languageEnglish
Article number18
JournalOptical Letters
Issue number43
Pages (from-to)4386-4389
Publication statusPublished - 05.09.2018


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