High Spatial Resolution Whole-Body MR Angiography Featuring Parallel Imaging: Initial Experience

Harald H. Quick*, F. M. Vogt, S. Madewald, C. U. Herborn, S. Bosk, S. Göhde, J. F. Debatin, M. E. Ladd

*Corresponding author for this work
43 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To combine whole-body multi-station three-dimensional contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (3D CE MRA) using a self-developed rolling table platform with parallel imaging strategies (PAT) in order to increase the spatial resolution of the 3D MRA data sets. Materials and Methods: Whole-body multi-station MRA was performed with a rolling table platform (AngioSURF) on 5 volunteers in two imaging series: 1) standard imaging protocol, 2) modified high-resolution protocol employing PAT using the generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA) algorithm with an acceleration factor of 3. For an intra-individual comparison of the two MR examinations, the arterial vasculature was divided into 30 segments. Signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) were calculated for all 30 arterial segments of each subject. Vessel segment depiction was qualitatively assessed applying a 5-point scale to each of the segments. Image reconstruction times were recorded for the standard as well as the PAT protocol. Results: Compared to the standard protocol, PAT allowed for increased spatial resolution through a 3-fold reduction in mean voxel size for each of the 5 stations. Mean SNR and CNR values over all specified vessel segments decreased by a factor of 1.58 and 1.56, respectively. Despite the reduced SNR and CNR, the depiction of all specified vessel segments increased in PAT images, reflecting the increased spatial resolution. Qualitative comparison of standard and PAT images showed an increase in vessel segment conspicuity with more detailed depiction of intramuscular arterial branches in all volunteers. The time for image data reconstruction of all 5 stations was significantly increased from about 10 minutes to 40 minutes when using the PAT acquisition. Conclusion: The implementation of PAT into the concept of whole-body MRA enabled to increase the spatial resolution in all examined territories, which resulted in more detailed MR angiograms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRoFo Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der Rontgenstrahlen und der Bildgebenden Verfahren
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)163-169
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 02.2004


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