The scientific background of laser photocoagulation of the ocular fundus was studied extensively by several investigators in the 1970s and 1980s. The basic principles were succesfully resolved during that time and clinical consequences for proper application of the laser photocoagulation for various diseases were deduced. The present paper gives an overview about the physical basics of laser-tissue interactions during and after retinal laser treatment and the particular laser strategies in the treatment of different retinal diseases. Thus, it addresses the issue of the impact on tissue of laser parameters as wavelength, spot size, pulse duration and laser power. Additionally, the different biological tissue reactions after laser treatment are presented, such as, e.g., for retinopexia or macular treatments as well as for diabetic retinopathies. Specific laser strategies such as the selective laser treatment of the RPE (SRT) or the transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) are presented and discussed.
|Translated title of the contribution||Basic principles and clinical application of retinal laser therapy|
|Journal||Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 04.2008|
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Biomedical Engineering