Context: In recent years, tremendous effort has been carried out to study the genetic basis of susceptibility to development, progression and severity of complex diseases and response to therapy. The ultimate goal of these investigations is to find new tools for prevention and treatment of these complex diseases, such as sepsis in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. VLBW cohorts have a restricted clinical risk profile for the development of sepsis including immaturity of immune functions and antenatal/perinatal risk factors but also a significant event rate of sepsis within a short period of observational time. Therefore, prospective VLBW cohorts are advantageous for the investigation of candidate genetic risk factors of sepsis compared to adult cohorts. Furthermore, environmental factors are much better documented and highly controlled for VLBW infants in a standardized NICU setting compared to adult cohorts which are influenced by a variety of environmental risk factors, e.g. habits and comorbidities. Objective: The aim of this review is to discuss the value and limitations of genetic association studies in VLBW infant cohorts exemplifying recent findings for genetic susceptibility to neonatal sepsis. Data source: Published Medline articles reporting on studies of associations between genetic polymorphisms, neonatal sepsis and septic shock in VLBW infants. Conclusions: Up-to-date, the classical approach to investigate the genetic component of susceptibility to sepsis in VLBW infants by means of twin and concordance studies has not been implemented yet. Regarding the interpretation of data from current genetic association studies, one should be aware of significant differences in cohort size, study design and definition of cases, controls and clinical end points. Furthermore, the contribution of genetic variants to susceptibility to sepsis may be specifically influenced by the immaturity of the immune response in VLBW infants, the selectivity of responsiveness to certain pathogens and the genotopyic/phenotypic variability of pathogens. We provide implications for the conduct and evaluation of future association studies with particular reference to methodological quality standards.
|Journal||Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 02.2007|
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)