The present study was designed to determine the effects of hemodilution with gelatine (GEL) and hydroxyethyl starch (HES) on hematocrit, blood viscosity, systemic hemodynamics, and central retinal arterial blood flow in anaesthetized pigs. 20 pigs were studied. Hypervolemic hemodilution was induced by 30 ml kg-1h-1 GEL (n=10) or HES (n=10) infused over 30 min. The hematocrit decreased comparably in both groups. Plasma viscosity was higher after HES than after GEL. Systolic central retinal blood flow and resistance index increased and were higher after HES than after GEL. Despite a greater plasma viscosity HES increases retinal microcirculation during hypervolemic hemodilution.
|Journal||Applied Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiology|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|