Functional Neuronavigation

Volker M. Tronnier*, Lennart H. Stieglitz

*Corresponding author for this work


Functional neuronavigation is based on the visualization of functional images within a surgical tracking system. This and other developing techniques help the neurosurgeon to tailor surgical procedures in order to increase diagnostic yield and to preserve brain function while maximizing the necessary extent of resection. The final goal is to improve postoperative survival and quality of life. A major advantage of functional imaging, over other functional brain mapping techniques, such as direct cortical stimulation (Electrical Cortical Stimulation, ECS) is its non-invasiveness. Furthermore, availability of functional information to the surgeon and patient prior to surgery provides insight not only into a better evaluation of the procedure’s indication, but also into the planning of a function preserving operation including the most appropriate surgical access to the respective brain areas. In order to implement functional neuronavigation into the daily clinical routine, optimized imaging protocols are indispensable.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Radiology
Number of pages27
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Publication date2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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