Fully automated calculation of image-derived input function in simultaneous PET/MRI in a sheep model

Thies H. Jochimsen, Vilia Zeisig, Jessica Schulz, Peter Werner, Marianne Patt, J�rg Patt, Antje Y. Dreyer, Johannes Boltze, Henryk Barthel, Osama Sabri, Bernhard Sattler


BACKGROUND: Obtaining the arterial input function (AIF) from image data in dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) examinations is a non-invasive alternative to arterial blood sampling. In simultaneous PET/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI), high-resolution MRI angiographies can be used to define major arteries for correction of partial-volume effects (PVE) and point spread function (PSF) response in the PET data. The present study describes a fully automated method to obtain the image-derived input function (IDIF) in PET/MRI. Results are compared to those obtained by arterial blood sampling. METHODS: To segment the trunk of the major arteries in the neck, a high-resolution time-of-flight MRI angiography was postprocessed by a vessel-enhancement filter based on the inertia tensor. Together with the measured PSF of the PET subsystem, the arterial mask was used for geometrical deconvolution, yielding the time-resolved activity concentration averaged over a major artery. The method was compared to manual arterial blood sampling at the hind leg of 21 sheep (animal stroke model) during measurement of blood flow with O15-water. Absolute quantification of activity concentration was compared after bolus passage during steady state, i.e., between 2.5- and 5-min post injection. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) values from blood sampling and IDIF were also compared. RESULTS: The cross-calibration factor obtained by comparing activity concentrations in blood samples and IDIF during steady state is 0.98 +/- 0.10. In all examinations, the IDIF provided a much earlier and sharper bolus peak than in the time course of activity concentration obtained by arterial blood sampling. CBF using the IDIF was 22 % higher than CBF obtained by using the AIF yielded by blood sampling. CONCLUSIONS: The small deviation between arterial blood sampling and IDIF during steady state indicates that correction of PVE and PSF is possible with the method presented. The differences in bolus dynamics and, hence, CBF values can be explained by the different sampling locations (hind leg vs. major neck arteries) with differences in delay/dispersion. It will be the topic of further work to test the method on humans with the perspective of replacing invasive blood sampling by an IDIF using simultaneous PET/MRI.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEJNMMI Physics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Publication date01.12.2016
ISBN (Print)1619-7070
Publication statusPublished - 01.12.2016


Dive into the research topics of 'Fully automated calculation of image-derived input function in simultaneous PET/MRI in a sheep model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this