Four-dimensional phase contrast MRI with accelerated dual velocity encoding

Elizabeth J. Nett*, Kevin M. Johnson, Alex Frydrychowicz, Alejandro Munoz Del Rio, Eric Schrauben, Christopher J. Francois, Oliver Wieben

*Corresponding author for this work
39 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To validate a novel approach for accelerated four-dimensional phase contrast MR imaging (4D PC-MRI) with an extended range of velocity sensitivity. Materials and Methods: 4D PC-MRI data were acquired with a radially undersampled trajectory (PC-VIPR). A dual Venc (dVenc) processing algorithm was implemented to investigate the potential for scan time savings while providing an improved velocity-to-noise ratio. Flow and velocity measurements were compared with a flow pump, conventional 2D PC MR, and single Venc 4D PC-MRI in the chest of 10 volunteers. Results: Phantom measurements showed excellent agreement between accelerated dVenc 4D PC-MRI and the pump flow rate (R2 ≥ 0.97) with a three-fold increase in measured velocity-to-noise ratio (VNR) and a 5% increase in scan time. In volunteers, reasonable agreement was found when combining 100% of data acquired with Venc = 80 cm/s and 25% of the high Venc data, providing the VNR of a 80 cm/s acquisition with a wider velocity range of 160 cm/s at the expense of a 25% longer scan. Conclusion: Accelerated dual Venc 4D PC-MRI was demonstrated in vitro and in vivo. This acquisition scheme is well suited for vascular territories with wide ranges of flow velocities such as congenital heart disease, the hepatic vasculature, and others.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1462-1471
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 01.06.2012


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