PURPOSE: To compare femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery without the use of ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD) with standard phacoemulsification using OVD. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-center trial of 37 patients (74 eyes) diagnosed as having significant cataract in both eyes. Randomly, one eye underwent standard phacoemulsification with OVD (the OVD group); this group acted as controls. The other eye was treated with the femtosecond laser; the subsequent manual part of the procedure was performed without OVD (non-OVD group). Time of surgery, amount of fluid used during phacoemulsification, central corneal thickness, intraocular pressure, endothelial cell count, and visual acuity were documented over the 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: There were no major complications and no significant difference in overall surgery time (non-OVD: 375 ± 81 seconds; OVD: 362 ± 43 seconds; P = .713) and in the quantity of fluid passing through the eye (non- OVD: 187 ± 35 mL; OVD: 186 ± 27 mL; P = .952) between groups. Endothelial cell loss after 6 months was not significantly different between groups (non-OVD: -2.4%; OVD: -2.7%; P = .880). Central corneal thickness was not different at 1 week postoperatively between groups (non-OVD: 575 ± 45 μm; OVD: 573 ± 46 μm; P = .820). Three patients in the OVD group and one patient in the non-OVD group experienced intraocular pressure greater than 25 mm Hg at 1 day postoperatively. There were no significant differences in corrected distance visual acuity between groups (logMAR non-OVD: 0.024; OVD: 0.038; P = .461). CONCLUSIONS: Femtosecond laser-assisted treatment allows the cataract surgeon to perform phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation without the use of OVD at no additional risk to the corneal endothelium. Furthermore, there was a tendency toward fewer increases in intraocular pressure in patients treated with the femtosecond laser.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)