Feed-forward friction and inertia compensation for improving backdrivability of motors

P. Weiss, P. Zenker, E. Maehle


Backdrivability is an important property in applications like haptics, where force or torque is exerted by the user onto the motor. Gears cause higher friction, which results in a reduction of the backdrivability. This paper investigates how the backdriving torque can be reduced without the additional use of expensive force-torque sensors. The friction compensation uses a predetermined mapping, that adapts the motor's supporting torque depending on the measured velocity. The inertia compensation depends on the acceleration multiplied by the motor's moment of inertia. The method was objectively evaluated by using a robot. Kinetic friction compensation with inertia compensation significantly reduced the backdriving torque by 66.67 % over all median, and 23.58 % over all average values from measurements with different velocity and acceleration profiles. However, the variance and torque peaks were increased. The inertia compensation showed slight benefits in comparison to kinetic compensation alone, but not throughout all measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 12th International Conference on Control Automation Robotics Vision (ICARCV)
Number of pages6
Publication date01.12.2012
Article number6485173
ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-1871-6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4673-1872-3
Publication statusPublished - 01.12.2012
Event2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision
- Guangzhou, China
Duration: 05.12.201207.12.2012
Conference number: 96538


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