Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) as an Adjunctive Therapy for Depression—Case Report

Jessica P.K. Doll, Jorge F. Vázquez-Castellanos, Anna Chiara Schaub, Nina Schweinfurth, Cedric Kettelhack, Else Schneider, Gulnara Yamanbaeva, Laura Mählmann, Serge Brand, Christoph Beglinger, Stefan Borgwardt, Jeroen Raes, Andreas Schmidt*, Undine E. Lang

*Corresponding author for this work


Depression is a debilitating disorder, and at least one third of patients do not respond to therapy. Associations between gut microbiota and depression have been observed in recent years, opening novel treatment avenues. Here, we present the first two patients with major depressive disorder ever treated with fecal microbiota transplantation as add-on therapy. Both improved their depressive symptoms 4 weeks after the transplantation. Effects lasted up to 8 weeks in one patient. Gastrointestinal symptoms, constipation in particular, were reflected in microbiome changes and improved in one patient. This report suggests further FMT studies in depression could be worth pursuing and adds to awareness as well as safety assurance, both crucial in determining the potential of FMT in depression treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number815422
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Pages (from-to)815422
Publication statusPublished - 17.02.2022


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