Fast Explicit Diffusion for Registration with Direction-Dependent Regularization

Alexander Schmidt-Richberg, Jan Ehrhardt, René Werner, Heinz Handels, B. M. Dawant (Editor), G. E. Christensen, J.M. Fitzpatrick (Editor), D. Rueckert


The accurate estimation of respiratory lung motion by non-linear registration is currently an important topic of research and required for many applications in pulmonary image analysis, e.g. for radiotherapy treatment planning.

A special challenge for lung registration is the sliding motion between visceral an parietal pleurae during breathing, which causes discontinuities in the motion field. It has been shown that accounting for this physiological aspect by modeling the sliding motion using a direction-dependent regularization approach can significantly improve registration results. While the potential of such physiology-based regularization methods has been demonstrated in several publications, so far only simple explicit solution schemes were applied due to the computational complexity.

In this paper, a numerical solution of the direction-dependent regularization based on Fast Explicit Diffusion (FED) is presented. The approach is tested for motion estimation on 23 thoracic CT images and a significant improvement over the classic explicit solution is shown.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomedical Image Registration
EditorsBenoît M. Dawant, Gary E. Christensen, J. Michael Fitzpatrick, Daniel Rueckert
Number of pages9
PublisherSpringer Vieweg, Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date2012
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-31339-4
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-642-31340-0
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventBiomedical Image Registration, 5th International Workshop, WBIR 2012
- , United States
Duration: 07.07.201208.07.2012


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