Familial voluntary nystagmus

Birte Neppert*, Holger Rambold

*Corresponding author for this work
11 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To examine the pathological significance and familial occurrence of voluntary nystagmus. Patients and Methods: We examined two families orthoptically as well as with video and search-coil techniques or electronystagmography (ENG). Three members of three generations of the first family and a 9-year-old boy from a second family not related to the first were able to generate a voluntary horizontal nystagmus. Results: The characteristics of the nystagmus of our original patient, his daughter and 8-year-old grandson (1st family) were remarkably similar: duration of 2-5 seconds, amplitudes of 1-4° and frequencies around 15 cycles/second. In the second family, our patient with a congenital esotropia and hyperopia was the only one of his family who could voluntarily produce a nystagmus of about 5° and 10 cycles/second for maximum of 20 seconds. During prolonged reading, the same nystagmus with disturbing oscillopsia developed involuntarily and was not suppressible. We added +0.75 diopters to both lenses of his spectacles to account for the result of our cycloplegic refraction. This stopped the involuntary nystagmus during near fixation. Discussion: To avoid unintentional "bouts" of voluntary nystagmus, a reduction of the convergence impulse by plus-lenses may be effective. The parameters of voluntary nystagmus can be considered family-specific.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)115-119
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 01.07.2006

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)


Dive into the research topics of 'Familial voluntary nystagmus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this