Background: Little is known about how the expression of Ephrin type-A receptor 2 (EphA2) influences cell-cell adhesion, migration, angiogenesis, and the formation of vasculogenic mimicry (VM) channels in uveal melanomas or how this may be related to the rate of metastasis. Material and Methods: Paraffin embedded sections of 50 histopathologically well characterised primary uveal melanomas (mean largest tumour diameter: 16.3 mm) were evaluated with respect to the expression of EphA2. Systemic metastasis was detected in 29 patients. The remaining 21 patients were followed for a mean of 10 years. Tumour angiogensis was analysed by endoglin expression (CD105), the activity of the mature vascular system (von Willebrand factor) and the presence of VM (CD31/PAS staining). Results: All uveal melanomas expressed EphA2, with a mean of 95.93% positive cells ± SD: 6.3%. There was no significant association between EphA2 and the rate of metastases (p = 0.196), endoglin expression (p = 0.652), VM (p = 0.267) or with any other clinical or histopathological factors (p < 0.05). However, there was significant up-regulation of EphA2 in the nucleus of the metastatic uveal melanoma subgroup, while cytoplasmatic localisation in the subgroup was associated with better prognosis (p = 0.006). There were low levels of EphA2 expression in the specific retinal layers, the ciliary and corneal epithelium, and the choroidal and corneal endothelium. Conclusion: Nuclear expression of EphA2 in this series of large tumours was significantly associated with an increased rate of metastasis. On the other hand, cytoplasmic localisation was associated with a better prognosis. As there was no correlation between EphA2 expression and angiogenesis, the mature vasculature or VM, EphA2 appears to become less important in the advanced stages of the disease.
|Translated title of the contribution||Expression of EphA2 in Metastatic and Non-Metastatic Primary Uveal Melanoma|
|Journal||Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 08.02.2016|
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)