Explantation of totally implantable venous access ports of the forearm: Reasons for removal and observed complications

Jan P. Goltz, Ralph Kickuth, Anne Scholl, Wolfram Machann, Christian O. Ritter, Dietbert Hahn, Günther Wittenberg

6 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To evaluate indications for, and complications during, explantation of interventionally placed totally implantable venous access ports (TIVAPs) of the forearm. Background: Many studies analyze the explantation procedure of pectorally placed TIVAPs. The literature on TIVAPs in the forearm is limited, and the explantation procedure of these devices in the forearm has not been sufficiently evaluated yet. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the archives of our institute between May 2006 and May 2009 and identified 850 TIVAPs that had been implanted in the forearm. Of these TIVAPs, 145/850 (80 in women, 65 in men; mean age 52 years, range 15-82 years) were explanted during this period either by interventionists (n=109) or by general surgeons (n=36). Results: Mean catheter survival was 322 days. Reasons for explantation were end of therapy (63.4%), infection (29.0%), thrombosis (3.4%), occlusion (1.4%), or dislocation (1.4%) of the TIVAP. Primary technical success rate was 97.2% for the surgical as well as for the interventional procedure. The overall success rate was 100%. The reasons for retrieval failure by interventionists (3/108) as well as by surgeons (1/36) were post-thrombotic adhesions of the port catheter to the blood vessel wall. Conclusions: Removal of TIVAPs of the forearm shows a high technical success rate and a low complication rate. End of therapy is the most common indication for explantation. There is a low risk of interventional removal failure with a resulting need for open surgery to remove the device.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Vascular Access
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 01.01.2011


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