Experimental evaluation of the resolution improvement provided by a silicon PET probe

K. Brzeziński, J.F. Oliver, J. Gillam, M. Rafecas, A. Studen, M. Grkovski, H. Kagan, S. Smith, G. Llosá, C. Lacasta, N.H. Clinthorne, P.B. Zanzonico, W.W. Moses and S.E. Derenzo, R. Fontaine, N. Clinthorne et al., D. Pal, T.Y. Song, J.A. O'Sullivan and Y.C. Tai H. Wu, M. Grkovski et al., N.H. Clinthorne and W.L. Rogers S. Huh, J. Zhou and J. Qi, J.F. Oliver, J. Gillam and M. Rafecas K. Brzezinski


A high-resolution PET system, which incorporates a silicon detector probe into a conventional PET scanner, has been proposed to obtain increased image quality in a limited region of interest. Detailed simulation studies have previously shown that the additional probe information improves the spatial resolution of the reconstructed image and increases lesion detectability, with no cost to other image quality measures. The current study expands on the previous work by using a laboratory prototype of the silicon PET-probe system to examine the resolution improvement in an experimental setting. Two different versions of the probe prototype were assessed, both consisting of a back-to-back pair of 1-mm thick silicon pad detectors, one arranged in 32 × 16 arrays of 1.4 mm × 1.4 mm pixels and the other in 40 × 26 arrays of 1.0 mm × 1.0 mm pixels. Each detector was read out by a set of VATAGP7 ASICs and a custom-designed data acquisition board which allowed trigger and data interfacing with the PET scanner, itself consisting of BGO block detectors segmented into 8 × 6 arrays of 6 mm × 12 mm × 30 mm crystals. Limited-angle probe data was acquired from a group of Na-22 point-like sources in order to observe the maximum resolution achievable using the probe system. Data from a Derenzo-like resolution phantom was acquired, then scaled to obtain similar statistical quality as that of previous simulation studies. In this case, images were reconstructed using measurements of the PET ring alone and with the inclusion of the probe data. Images of the Na-22 source demonstrated a resolution of 1.5 mm FWHM in the probe data, the PET ring resolution being approximately 6 mm. Profiles taken through the image of the Derenzo-like phantom showed a clear increase in spatial resolution. Improvements in peak-to-valley ratios of 50% and 38%, in the 4.8 mm and 4.0 mm phantom features respectively, were observed, while previously unresolvable 3.2 mm features were brought to light by the addition of the probe. These results support the possibility of improving the image resolution of a clinical PET scanner using the silicon PET-probe.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number09
Pages (from-to)P09016-P09016
Publication statusPublished - 30.09.2016
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental evaluation of the resolution improvement provided by a silicon PET probe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this