Evaluating the stress-response of dental students to the dental school environment

Katarzyna Mocny-Pachońska*, Rafał Doniec, Agata Trzcionka, Marek Pachoński, Natalia Piaseczna, Szymon Sieciński, Oleksandra Osadcha, Patrycja Łanowy, Marta Tanasiewicz

*Corresponding author for this work
10 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction and Objective. Dentists experience high amounts of professional stress beginning with their student years in dental school. This stress, given its early onset, may negatively impact the personal and professional lives of these individuals, as well as the quality of their clinical work. We sought to create an objective scale to evaluate the levels of stress in students at different stages of their education, as well as in practicing physicians. Materials and Methods. Thirty dental students participated in this study, with 10 students each selected from junior, mid-senior, and senior classes. They were randomly divided into two groups in which one group was subjected to stressors while the other group was not. JINS MEME ES_R (JINS) smart glasses and Garmin Vivoactive 3 smartwatches were used to obtain data, including electrooculography (EOG), heart rate (HR), and accelerometer (ACC) and gyroscope (GYRO) feedback, while the subjects performed a dental exercise on a phantom tooth. Results. The heart rates of more experienced students were lower than those of the junior students. The EOG, ACC, and GYRO signals showed multiple differences in the measurement of amplitudes and frequency of episodes. Conclusion. Our pilot results show that electronic tools, like smart glasses with software and sensors, are useful for monitoring the stress levels of dental students in preclinical operating conditions. We would like to further assess the stress levels in students performing dental procedures on phantom teeth and in later clinical interactions with patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere8981
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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