Euglykäme Ketoazidose – ein Kolibri, der zur Taube werden könnte

Translated title of the contribution: Euglycemic ketoacidosis - rare condition on the rise


SGLT2 inhibitors have been developed as antidiabetics. Large randomized prospective studies have shown prognostic benefit in patients with heart and/or renal insufficiency regarding cardiovascular and general endpoints - even in absence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This extends the indication to large groups of multimorbid patients. SGLT2 inhibitors induce ketogenesis comparable to fasting conditions. This may - in presence of additional catabolic factors - deteriorate into life-threatening ketoacidosis - probably due to increased reabsorption of ketone bodies from urine as well as the blockage of SGLT2 receptors on α-cells of the pancreas. Euglycaemic ketoacidosis (eKA) under SGLT2 inhibition occurs in about 2:1000 years of treatment. The diagnosis is challenging: in eKA, blood sugar levels are often normal, and ketone detection in urinalysis can be falsely negative, while glucosuria is excessive compared to euglycemic blood-glucose. The management corresponds to classical diabetic ketoacidosis, but special features of blood glucose target, hydration and potassium management should be considered. SGLT2 inhibitors should be paused if a longer fasting period is expected ("sick-day-break"). Due to the soaring number of prescriptions, a significant increase in the prevalence of eKA is expected. Immediate diagnosis and therapy are essential in emergency and intensive care medicine.

Translated title of the contributionEuglycemic ketoacidosis - rare condition on the rise
Original languageGerman
JournalDeutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)
Issue number19
Pages (from-to)1265-1269
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 01.10.2021


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