Erwartete Einflussbereiche der Disziplinen Medizin, Psychologie und Physiotherapie in der Schmerztherapie: Eine Umfrage unter Berufszugehörigen

Translated title of the contribution: Expected areas of impact of the disciplines medicine, psychology and physiotherapy in pain treatment: A survey among members of the professions

Klara Kessler, Michael Hüppe, Adrian Roesner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

Background: Interdisciplinary multimodal pain treatment (IMPT) is an essential element in the treatment of people with chronic pain. Although IMST is defined in terms of content, it is evident that its practical design is very heterogeneous. This refers not only to the composition of the contents of the treatment but also to the concrete distribution of tasks among the professions involved. This article deals with the attribution of the effect of the activities of the three professional groups involved in IMPT: medicine, psychology and physiotherapy. The aim of this work is to examine how the professions of medicine, psychology and physiotherapy assess the effectiveness of their work and the effectiveness of the other two disciplines in the care of chronic pain patients. Material and methods: A newly designed questionnaire with 19 items was used. Each item describes a possible effect that treatment by the professions of medicine, psychology and physiotherapy can have. Based on factor analysis, items were combined for which the three effect attributions had the same items. The restriction to factor analysis areas was intended to avoid redundancies in the presentation and interpretation of results. The evaluation was carried out by means of a variance analysis for the impact areas with the factors “profession” and “attribution of impact”. Results: A total of 233 participants from the 3 disciplines (medicine, n = 78; psychology, n = 76; physiotherapy, n = 79) answered the questionnaire. The three areas of effect “pain reduction”, “strength and movement” and “functional pain coping” could be identified by factor analysis. The impact areas attributed to the different professions are largely reflected in the participants’ answers. The variance analysis revealed significant main effects for the two factors “profession” and “attribution of impact” and for their interactions. Conclusion: Professionals in medicine, psychology and physiotherapy have clear expectations of their own and the other professions mentioned here with respect to their effectiveness in certain areas of change. Overall, the three professions agree in their assessment of the contribution of medicine, psychology and physiotherapy to the areas of pain reduction, gain in strength and movement and functional pain coping.

Translated title of the contributionExpected areas of impact of the disciplines medicine, psychology and physiotherapy in pain treatment: A survey among members of the professions
Original languageGerman
JournalSchmerz
Volume37
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)274-280
Number of pages7
ISSN0932-433X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Health Sciences

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 206-07 Clinical Neurology Neurosurgery and Neuroradiology
  • 205-11 Anaesthesiology
  • 205-02 Public Health, Health Services Research and Social Medicine

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