Eosinophils and megakaryocytes support the early growth of murine MOPC315 myeloma cells in their bone marrow niches

David Wong*, Oliver Winter, Christina Hartig, Svenja Siebels, Martin Szyska, Benjamin Tiburzy, Lingzhang Meng, Upasana Kulkarni, Anke Fähnrich, Kurt Bommert, Ralf Bargou, Claudia Berek, Van Trung Chu, Bjarne Bogen, Franziska Jundt, Rudolf Armin Manz

*Corresponding author for this work
16 Citations (Scopus)


Multiple myeloma is a bone marrow plasma cell tumor which is supported by the external growth factors APRIL and IL-6, among others. Recently, we identified eosinophils and megakaryocytes to be functional components of the micro-environmental niches of benign bone marrow plasma cells and to be important local sources of these cytokines. Here, we investigated whether eosinophils and megakaryocytes also support the growth of tumor plasma cells in the MOPC315.BM model for multiple myeloma. As it was shown for benign plasma cells and multiple myeloma cells, IL-6 and APRIL also supported MOPC315.BM cell growth in vitro, IL-5 had no effect. Depletion of eosinophils in vivo by IL-5 blockade led to a reduction of the early myeloma load. Consistent with this, myeloma growth in early stages was retarded in eosinophil-deficient DdblGATA-1 mice. Late myeloma stages were unaffected, possibly due to megakaryocytes compensating for the loss of eosinophils, since megakaryocytes were found to be in contact with myeloma cells in vivo and supported myeloma growth in vitro. We conclude that eosinophils and megakaryocytes in the niches for benign bone marrow plasma cells support the growth of malignant plasma cells. Further investigations are required to test whether perturbation of these niches represents a potential strategy for the treatment of multiple myeloma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109018
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 01.10.2014

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)


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