EGFR inhibition leads to enhanced desmosome assembly and cardiomyocyte cohesion via ROCK activation

Maria Shoykhet, Orsela Dervishi, Philipp Menauer, Matthias Hiermaier, Sina Moztarzadeh, Colin Osterloh, Ralf J. Ludwig, Tatjana Williams, Brenda Gerull, Stefan Kääb, Sebastian Clauss, Dominik Schüttler, Jens Waschke, Sunil Yeruva*

*Corresponding author for this work
1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC) is a familial heart disease partly caused by impaired desmosome turnover. Thus, stabilization of desmosome integrity may provide new treatment options. Desmosomes, apart from cellular cohesion, provide the structural framework of a signaling hub. Here, we investigated the role of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in cardiomyocyte cohesion. We inhibited EGFR under physiological and pathophysiological conditions using the murine plakoglobin-KO AC model, in which EGFR was upregulated. EGFR inhibition enhanced cardiomyocyte cohesion. Immunoprecipitation showed an interaction of EGFR and desmoglein 2 (DSG2). Immunostaining and atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed enhanced DSG2 localization and binding at cell borders upon EGFR inhibition. Enhanced area composita length and desmosome assembly were observed upon EGFR inhibition, confirmed by enhanced DSG2 and desmoplakin (DP) recruitment to cell borders. PamGene Kinase assay performed in HL-1 cardiomyocytes treated with erlotinib, an EGFR inhibitor, revealed upregulation of Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK). Erlotinib-mediated desmosome assembly and cardiomyocyte cohesion were abolished upon ROCK inhibition. Thus, inhibiting EGFR and, thereby, stabilizing desmosome integrity via ROCK might provide treatment options for AC.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere163763
JournalJCI insight
Volume8
Issue number6
ISSN2379-3708
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22.03.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Centers: Center for Research on Inflammation of the Skin (CRIS)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-19 Dermatology

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