Effects on P3 of spreading targets and response prompts apart

Rolf Verleger*, Bastian Siller, Guang Ouyang, Kamila Śmigasiewicz

*Corresponding author for this work
3 Citations (Scopus)


When key-press responses to targets have to be withheld until the presentation of response prompts, target-evoked P3 amplitudes are reduced and so is the P3 difference between rare and frequent targets (the oddball effect on P3). Recently we showed that this even applied when go-signals followed targets by 100 ms. Here we aimed at replicating this result with more fine-grained temporal resolution in 100 ms steps from 0 ms to 500 ms, and dissecting the P3 complex to stimulus- and response-related portions by applying residue iteration decomposition (RIDE). Frequent and rare target stimuli (in random series) were followed by go signals (and occasional no-go signals), with block-wise fixed stimulus-onset asynchronies (SOAs) from 0 ms to 500 ms. Target-evoked P3 amplitudes decreased monotonically across SOAs. Part of this decrease might have been due to an overlapping Contingent Negative Variation (CNV) prior to go signals, increasing across SOAs. When CNV was subtracted out by forming rare-frequent difference waveforms, oddball-P3 was largest at SOA 0, smallest at SOA 500, and equally large at SOAs 100–400. According to RIDE, it was P3's response-related part that was increased at SOA0. These results may be interpreted in terms of the stimulus-response-link reactivation hypothesis of P3.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiological Psychology
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 01.05.2017

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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