Effects of thyroid hormones on thermogenesis and energy partitioning

Abstract

Thyroid hormones (TH) are of central importance for thermogenesis, energy homeostasis and metabolism. Here, we will discuss these aspects by focussing on the physiological aspects of TH-dependent regulation in response to cold exposure and fasting, which will be compared to alterations in primary hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. In particular, we will summarise current knowledge on regional thyroid hormone status in the central nervous system (CNS) and in peripheral cells. In contrast to hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, where parallel changes are observed, local alterations in the CNS differ to peripheral compartments when induced by cold exposure or fasting. Cold exposure is associated with low hypothalamic TH concentrations but increased TH levels in the periphery. Fasting results in a reversed TH pattern. Primary hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism disrupt these fine-tuned adaptive mechanisms and both, the hypothalamus and the periphery, will have the same TH status. These important mechanisms need to be considered when discussing thyroid hormone replacement and other therapeutical interventions to modulate TH status.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Molecular Endocrinology
Volume60
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)R157-R170
ISSN0952-5041
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.04.2018

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of thyroid hormones on thermogenesis and energy partitioning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this