Effects of the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein and taurine on retinal function in isolated superfused retina

Matthias Lüke*, Ralf Krott, Max Warga, Peter Szurman, Salvatore Grisanti, Karl Ulrich Bartz-Schmidt, Toni Schneider, Christoph Lüke

*Corresponding author for this work
6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Genistein has the potential to act as an intraocular antiangiogenic agent. Its therapeutical use, however, is limited by toxic side effects on the retina. This study was designed to evaluate the simultaneous use of taurine as a neuroprotective drug. Methods: Bovine retinas were isolated and perfused with an oxygen-preincubated nutrient solution. The electroretinogram (ERG) was recorded as a transretinal electrical potential using Ag/AgCl electrodes. At stable ERG amplitudes, genistein at concentrations of 11, 37, and 150 μM was added to the nutrient solution for 45 min, in the absence or presence of taurine (3 μM). Thereafter, the retina was reperfused with the nutrient solution for another 100 min. The percentage of b-wave reduction during genistein and genistein/taurine application was calculated. Results: The b-wave amplitude was reduced by a smaller amount during the application of genistein (11 and 37 μM) in the presence of taurine compared with genistein alone. For both, genistein/taurine and genistein alone the b-wave recovered completely during the wash-out of the drugs. However, during the application of the highest tested concentration of genistein (150 μM), taurine did not protect completely, leading to an irreversible b-wave reduction. Conclusions: The adjuvant use of taurine reduces the genistein-induced retinal toxicity to a certain degree. However, the protective effect of taurine is limited and there is only a narrow therapeutic index for a combined intravitreal administration of genistein in coapplication with taurine to inhibit pathological ocular neovascularization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)242-248
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 02.2007

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)


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