Effectiveness of the Prevention Program for Externalizing Problem Behavior (PEP) in Preschoolers with Severe and No or Mild ADHD Symptoms

Hans Jürgen Rumpf*, Nicolas Arnaud, Anil Batra, Anja Bischof, Gallus Bischof, Matthias Brand, Andreas Gohlke, Michael Kaess, Falk Kiefer, Tagrid Leménager, Karl Mann, Thomas Mößle, Astrid Müller, Kai Müller, Florian Rehbein, Rainer Thomasius, Lutz Wartberg, Bert Te Wildt, Klaus Wölfling, Friedrich Martin Wurst

*Corresponding author for this work
6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Internet-Related Disorders represent a rather new phenomenon. There is a need for responding to these disorders by developing aims for treatment, health care, research, and political measures. The present memorandum summarizes available knowledge and provides corresponding aims. Methods: In an iterative process, 21 experts developed a consensus according to the aims described above. The finale text was consented by the executive board of the German Society for Addiction Research and Addiction Treatment. Results: The experts reached an agreement to use the term "Internet-Related Disorder" which covers severe conditions that can currently be best described as addictive disorder. Furthermore, the term includes recurrent harmful use leading to negative consequences and risky use described as a mild disorder that might be a precursor of addiction. Based on the current knowledge, prevalence estimates and risk factors are summarized. The group agrees that evidence for treament and prevention is largely lacking. Finally, the experts derive aims and demands for treamtent, health care, research and political measures. Conclusions: On the one hand, the memorandum exhibits the current knowledge, on the other hand, it uncovers the many glaring gaps. Besides improving a standardized diagnosis there is a special need to develop interventions for prevention and treatment and to prove their efficacy. Aims for improving care are closely related to research issues and both should be promoted by political measures.

Translated title of the contributionMemorandum Internetbezogene Störungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Suchtforschung und Suchttherapie (DG-Sucht)
Original languageEnglish
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)167-172
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 06.2016

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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