Objective: The use of power morcellation at laparoscopy may worsen survival rates for patients with malignancy. The aim of the present study was to report the outcome of patients with early-stage uterine sarcoma after morcellation or total en-bloc resection, and evaluate potential signs of sarcoma preoperatively. Material and Methods: This multicenter retrospective study consisted of patients, who underwent surgery for FIGO-stage-1 uterine sarcoma. Twenty-four patients were divided into a non-morcellation group and a morcellation group. Clinical records and the outcomes of patients, including one-, three-and five-year survival rates were reviewed. Preoperative characteristics of patients with sarcoma were compared to those of a control group with uterine myoma (1:4 ratio), matched by age and type of operation. Results: Obesity was an independent risk factor for uterine myoma. Tumor growth, solitary growth, largest-diameter lesion >8.0 cm, and anechoic areas suggesting necrosis and increased vascularization were significantly more common in the sarcoma group. A large tumor diameter was significantly associated with mortality. Patients in the non-morcellation group had a slightly lower disease-free survival, but poorer overall survival (OS) rates compared to patients in the morcellation group, but neither difference was statistically significant. Patients in the non-morcellation group, who had undergone a re-exploration experienced late recurrence, but no upstaging was evident after the operation. Conclusion: Preoperative ultrasound characteristics could be useful to distinguish sarcoma from leiomyoma of uterus. Morcellation of a sarcoma may increase abdominal and pelvic recurrence rates, but may not be associated with OS in patients with FIGO-stage-1 disease.
|Journal||Journal of the Turkish German Gynecology Association|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 06.2022|
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
- Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)