EAU guidelines on robotic and single-site surgery in Urology

Axel S. Merseburger*, Thomas R.W. Herrmann, Shahrokh F. Shariat, Iason Kyriazis, Udo Nagele, Olivier Traxer, Evangelos N. Liatsikos

*Corresponding author for this work
102 Citations (Scopus)


Context This is a short version of the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on robotic and single-site surgery in urology, as created in 2013 by the EAU Guidelines Office Panel on Urological Technologies. Objective To evaluate current evidence regarding robotic and single-site surgery in urology and to provide clinical recommendations. Evidence acquisition A comprehensive online systematic search of the literature according to Cochrane recommendations was performed in July 2012, identifying data from 1990 to 2012 regarding robotic and single-site surgery in urology. Evidence synthesis There is a lack of high-quality data on both robotic and single-site surgery for most upper and lower urinary tract operations. Mature evidence including midterm follow-up data exists only for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. In the absence of high-quality data, the guidelines panel's recommendations were based mostly on the review of low-level evidence and expert opinions. Conclusions Robot-assisted urologic surgery is an emerging and safe technology for most urologic operations. Further documentation including long-term oncologic and functional outcomes is deemed necessary before definite conclusions can be drawn regarding the superiority or not of robotic assistance compared with the conventional laparoscopic and open approaches. Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery is a novel laparoscopic technique providing a potentially superior cosmetic outcome over conventional laparoscopy. Nevertheless, further advantages offered by this technology are still under discussion and not yet proven. Due to the technically demanding character of the single-site approach, only experienced laparoscopic surgeons should attempt this technique in clinical settings. Patient summary This work represents the shortened version of the 2013 European Association of Urology guidelines on robotic and single-site surgery. The authors systematically evaluated published evidence in these fields and concluded that robotic assisted surgery is possible and safe for most urologic operations. Whilst laparoendoscopic single-site surgery is performed using the fewest incisions, the balance between risk and benefit is currently unclear. The evidence to support the conclusions in this guideline was generally poor, but best for robotic assisted radical prostatectomy. As such, these recommendations were based upon expert opinion, and further high-quality research is needed in this field.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Urology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)277-291
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 08.2013

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)


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