To study drug safety and the reporting behavior of adverse drug reactions (ADR) related to agents used for opioid replacement therapy (ORT) we conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire-based telephone survey among physicians who provide outpatient ORT in Germany (n = 176; response rate = 55.7%). Most respondents (n = 97/55.1%) reported that they observe ADR related to buprenorphine, (dihydro)codeine, and (levo)methdone rarely (n = 38/21.6%), very rarely (n = 39/22.2%) or never (n = 20/11.4%). Methadone was reported to be most frequently associated with the occurrence of ADR (n = 82/46.6%), followed by levomethadone (n = 33/18.8%), buprenorphine (n = 6/3.4%), and dihydrocodeine (n = 3/1.7%). Frequently observed ADR related to these agents were gastrointestinal, nervous system/psychiatric disorders, and hyperhidrosis. Methadone and levomethadone (not buprenorphine) were frequently associated with fatigue, weight gain, and sexual dysfunction. Hundred twenty nine participants (73.3%) stated that they never report ADR related to ORT; n = 19 (10.8%) did so when referring to ADR related to their complete medical practice (X2 = 141.070; df = 1; p < 0.001). Similar patterns of ADR related to outpatient ORT as those reported in the product information or in pain therapy were found. Motivation to report ADR related to ORT may be reduced compared to ADR related to the general medical practice.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)