Dose-dependent effect of GFI1 expression in the reconstitution and the differentiation capacity of HSCs

Xiaoqing Xie, Pradeep Kumar Patnana, Daria Frank, Judith Schütte, Yahya Al-Matary, Axel Künstner, Hauke Busch, Helal Ahmed, Longlong Liu, Daniel R. Engel, Ulrich Dührsen, Frank Rosenbauer, Nikolas Von Bubnoff, Georg Lenz, Cyrus Khandanpour*

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

GFI1 is a transcriptional repressor and plays a pivotal role in regulating the differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) towards myeloid and lymphoid cells. Serial transplantation of Gfi1 deficient HSCs repopulated whole hematopoietic system but in a competitive setting involving wild-type HSCs, they lose this ability. The underlying mechanisms to this end are poorly understood. To better understand this, we used different mouse strains that express either loss of both Gfi1 alleles (Gfi1-KO), with reduced expression of GFI1 (GFI1-KD) or wild-type Gfi1/GFI1 (Gfi1-/GFI1-WT; corresponding to the mouse and human alleles). We observed that loss of Gfi1 or reduced expression of GFI1 led to a two to four fold lower number of HSCs (defined as LinSca1+c-Kit+CD150+CD48) compared to GFI1-WT mice. To study the functional influence of different levels of GFI1 expression on HSCs function, HSCs from Gfi1-WT (expressing CD45.1 + surface antigens) and HSCs from GFI1-KD or -KO (expressing CD45.2 + surface antigens) mice were sorted and co-transplanted into lethally irradiated host mice. Every 4 weeks, CD45.1+ and CD45.2 + on different lineage mature cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. At least 16 weeks later, mice were sacrificed, and the percentage of HSCs and progenitors including GMPs, CMPs and MEPs in the total bone marrow cells was calculated as well as their CD45.1 and CD45.2 expression. In the case of co-transplantation of GFI1-KD with Gfi1-WT HSCs, the majority of HSCs (81% ± 6%) as well as the majority of mature cells (88% ± 10%) originated from CD45.2 + GFI1-KD HSCs. In the case of co-transplantation of Gfi1-KO HSCs with Gfi1-WT HSCs, the majority of HSCs originated from CD45.2+ and therefore from Gfi1-KO (61% ± 20%); however, only a small fraction of progenitors and mature cells originated from Gfi1-KO HSCs (<1%). We therefore in summary propose that GFI1 has a dose-dependent role in the self-renewal and differentiation of HSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number866847
JournalFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Volume11
Pages (from-to)866847
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
  • Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-14 Haematology, Oncology

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