DNAJC14-Independent Replication of the Atypical Porcine Pestivirus

Carina M. Reuscher, Kerstin Seitz, Lukas Schwarz, Francesco Geranio, Olaf Isken, Martin Raigel, Theresa Huber, Sandra Barth, Christiane Riedel, Anette Netsch, Katharina Zimmer, Till Rumenapf, Norbert Tautz, Benjamin Lamp*

*Corresponding author for this work
2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atypical porcine pestiviruses (APPV; Pestivirus K) are a recently discovered, very divergent species of the genus Pestivirus within the family Flaviviridae. The presence of APPV in piglet-producing farms is associated with the occurrence of socalled "shaking piglets," suffering from mild to severe congenital tremor type A-II. Previous studies showed that the cellular protein DNAJC14 is an essential cofactor of the NS2 autoprotease of all classical pestiviruses. Consequently, genetically engineered DNAJC14 knockout cell lines were resistant to all tested noncytopathogenic (non-cp) pestiviruses. Surprisingly, we found that the non-cp APPV can replicate in these cells in the absence of DNAJC14, suggesting a divergent mechanism of polyprotein processing. A complete laboratory system for the study of APPV was established to learn more about the replication of this unusual virus. The inactivation of the APPV NS2 autoprotease using reverse genetics resulted in nonreplicative genomes. To further investigate whether a regulation of the NS2-3 cleavage is also existing in APPV, we constructed synthetic viral genomes with deletions and duplications leading to the NS2 independent release of mature NS3. As observed with other pestiviruses, the increase of mature NS3 resulted in elevated viral RNA replication levels and increased protein expression. Our data suggest that APPV exhibit a divergent mechanism for the regulation of the NS2 autoprotease activity most likely utilizing a different cellular protein for the adjustment of replication levels.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume96
Issue number15
ISSN0022-538X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08.2022

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)
  • Centers: Center for Structural and Cell Biology (CSCM/ZMSZ)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 204-04 Virology

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