DISABKIDS Smiley questionnaire: The TAKE 6 assisted health-related quality of life measure for 4 to 7-year-olds

John E. Chaplin*, Hendrik M. Koopman, Silke Schmidt, Monika Bullinger, Corinna Petersen, Roland Baars, Peter Hoare, Mick Power, Clare Atherton, Marie Claude Simeoni, John Tsanakas, Paraskevi Karagianni, Elpis Hatziagoroy, Athanasios Vidalis, Michael Quittan, Othmar Schuhfried, Nilouparak Hachemian, Ute Thyen, Esther Müller-Godeffroy

*Corresponding author for this work
20 Citations (Scopus)


The DISABKIDS Smiley TAKE 6 was developed to meet the need for a research instrument to measure the health-related quality of life (HrQoL) of children 4-7 years old. TAKE 6 is a European generic assisted-report questionnaire with a proxy version. The items of TAKE 6, scored using a five-point Likert scale, cover a single HrQoL domain. Child and parent focus groups identified the statements which, following a European pilot study, were reduced to six items. A field study of 435 children with a chronic disease in seven European countries revealed that the questionnaire had good reliability (interclass correlation 0.69), had convergent validity with the KINDL-R (child quality of life questionnaire-revised) (rho 0.60) and satisfactory construct validity showing separation between severity and different medical conditions. The questionnaire was understandable by young children and could be completed within two minutes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)173-180
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 05.2008

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


Dive into the research topics of 'DISABKIDS Smiley questionnaire: The TAKE 6 assisted health-related quality of life measure for 4 to 7-year-olds'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this