Dioden-laserthermokeratoplastik: Erste klinische erfahrungen

Translated title of the contribution: Diode laser thermokeratoplasty - First clinical experience

Gerd Geerling*, Norbert Koop, Andreas Tüngler, Ralf Brinkmann, Christopher Wirbelauer, Reginald Birngruber, Horst Laqua

*Corresponding author for this work
3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Pulsed holmium lasers are currently used to correct hyperopia by means of laser thermokeratoplasty (LTK). Series of μs laser pulses are applied with a high repetition rate to induce shrinkage of corneal collagen fibers. The pulsed energy application results in intrastromal temperature peaks of up to 200°C. A continuously emitting laser diode can - as we demonstrated recently in an invivo study on minipigs - be used for LTK and may be of advantage because the temperature rise is more steady. The aim of this study was to examine the safety, amount, and stability of hyperopic correction of diode LTK on blind human eyes. Methods: We used a laserdiode that was set to continuously emit light at λ = 1.854 μm/μ(a) = 1.04 mm - 1(group I, n = 4) or 1.87 μm/μ(a) = 1.92 mm -1 (group II, n = 4). Radiation energy was 100 to 150 mW for 10 s per coagulation. Eight coagulations on a single ring (group I) and 16 coagulations on a double ring (group II) diameter were applied in the cornea concentric to the entrance pupil by means of a vacuum-fixed application mask (group I = conjunctival fixation; group II = corneal fixation) and a handpiece with a focusing optic. Preoperatively as well as 1 week, 1,2, 3, 6 12 and 18 months postoperative ophthalmologic controls were performed and the corneal refractive power was measured. Results: In group I initial refractive changes of up to + 4.9 D were achieved [1 week postoperative). However, due to the great penetration depth of the laser irradiation, large endothelial defects resulted beneath the stromal coagulations. In group II an initial refractive change of up to + 6.8 D was achieved and as a result of the reduced penetration depth, the endothelial cell damage was much reduced. Partial regression of the refractive effect occured in all subjects, which continued in higher refractive changes during the 2(nd) postoperative year. The refractive effect at 12 months was + 0.6 to + 1.5 D in group I and + 0.9 to + 5.7 D in group II. At 12 months the induced astigmatism was 0.5 to 2.2 D in group I and 0.3 to 1.6 D in group II. No serious adverse effects were noticed. Conclusion: A continuously emitting laser diode working at a wavelength of 1.87 μm can be used to correct hyperopia by means of LTK safely and effectively. Regression occurs predominantly in the first 6 postoperative months. Further studies must be conducted to determine the importance of patient inherent parameters such as age in establishing a nomogram.

Translated title of the contributionDiode laser thermokeratoplasty - First clinical experience
Original languageGerman
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)306-311
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 05.1999

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Biomedical Engineering


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