Digital image acquisition and processing in medical x-ray imaging

Til Aach*, Ulrich Schiebel, Gerhard Spekowius

*Corresponding author for this work
38 Citations (Scopus)


This contribution discusses a selection of today's techniques and future concepts for digital x-ray imaging in medicine. Advantages of digital imaging over conventional analog methods include the possibility to archive and transmit images in digital information systems as well as to digitally process pictures before display, for example, to enhance low contrast details. After reviewing two digital x-ray radiography systems for the capture of still x-ray images, we examine the real time acquisition of dynamic x-ray images (x-ray fluoroscopy). Here, particular attention is paid to the implications of introducing charge-coupled device cameras. We then present a new unified radiography/fluoroscopy solid-state detector concept. As digital image quality is predominantly determined by the relation of signal and noise, aspects of signal transfer, noise, and noise-related quality measures like detective quantum efficiency feature prominently in our discussions. Finally, we describe a digital image processing algorithm for the reduction of noise in images acquired with low x-ray dose.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Electronic Imaging
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)7-22
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 01.01.1999


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