Developmental hemostasis: A lifespan from neonates and pregnancy to the young and elderly adult in a European white population

Ulrike Nowak-Göttl*, Verena Limperger, Gili Kenet, Frauke Degenhardt, Roman Arlt, Justus Domschikowski, Hartmut Clausnizer, Jürgen Liebsch, Ralf Junker, Dagmar Steppat

*Corresponding author for this work
17 Citations (Scopus)


Absolute values of reference ranges for coagulation assays in humans vary within the entire lifespan and confirm the concept of developmental hemostasis. It is known that physiologic concentrations of coagulation factors (F) gradually increase over age: they are lower in premature infants as compared to full-term babies, healthy children or adults. Here we demonstrate in a cohort of 1011 blood donors and in a group of 193 healthy pregnant women, that the process of developmental hemostasis proceeds in adults. During the course of pregnancy F and activation markers steadily increase until delivery with a parallel decrease noticed for protein S. From adolescents, young adults to the elderly there is a further increase of F, reaching significance starting between 35 and 50 years of age compared to younger subjects. Covering the entire lifespan FVIII and von-Willebrand-factor showed the lowest values in carriers of blood group “O”. Apart from pregnancy differences related to gender, pill users, smoking habits or the presence of thrombophilic variants were reported. Laboratory test results should be compared to age-related reference intervals when hemostatic defects are suspected to avoid misclassifications as being “healthy”, prone to “bleeding” or vice versa to “thrombosis”.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBlood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases
Pages (from-to)2-13
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 09.2017

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)


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