Development of an algorithm to plan and simulate a new interventional procedure

Buntaro Fujita*, Maximilian Kütting, Smita Scholtz, Marc Utzenrath, Kavous Hakim-Meibodi, Lech Paluszkiewicz, Christoph Schmitz, Jochen Börgermann, Jan Gummert, Ulrich Steinseifer, Stephan Ensminger

*Corresponding author for this work
11 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES The number of implanted biological valves for treatment of valvular heart disease is growing and a percentage of these patients will eventually undergo a transcatheter valve-in-valve (ViV) procedure. Some of these patients will represent challenging cases. The aim of this study was to develop a feasible algorithm to plan and in vitro simulate a new interventional procedure to improve patient outcome. METHODS In addition to standard diagnostic routine, our algorithm includes 3D printing of the annulus, hydrodynamic measurements and high-speed analysis of leaflet kinematics after simulation of the procedure in different prosthesis positions as well as X-ray imaging of the most suitable valve position to create a 'blueprint' for the patient procedure. RESULTS This algorithm was developed for a patient with a degenerated Perceval aortic sutureless prosthesis requiring a ViV procedure. Different ViV procedures were assessed in the algorithm and based on these results the best option for the patient was chosen. The actual procedure went exactly as planned with help of this algorithm. CONCLUSIONS Here we have developed a new technically feasible algorithm simulating important aspects of a novel interventional procedure prior to the actual procedure. This algorithm can be applied to virtually all patients requiring a novel interventional procedure to help identify risks and find optimal parameters for prosthesis selection and placement in order to maximize safety for the patient.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)87-95
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 01.07.2015


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