Development of a test battery for assessing phonological awareness in German-speaking children

Blanca Schaefer*, Silke Fricke, Marcin Szczerbinski, Annette V. Fox-Boyer, Joy Stackhouse, Bill Wells

*Corresponding author for this work
13 Citations (Scopus)


The development of phonological awareness (PA), the ability to reflect on the sound structure of words independent of their meaning, has been extensively explored in English-speaking children. However, this is not the case for other languages. The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive PA test battery for German-speaking preschool children, considering psycholinguistic, linguistic, and cognitive aspects and to carry out analyses of its psychometric properties. Cross-sectional data from a sample of 55 children (CA 4;0-6;11 years) were collected. Preliminary findings confirm validity and reliability of the test battery, and support previous findings that PA develops from larger to smaller linguistic units. Phoneme-level tasks were consistently associated with letter knowledge. The new instrument is a promising tool for basic research (e.g. cross-linguistic comparisons of PA development) as well as for clinical and educational practice (e.g. planning speech and language therapy or literacy-oriented intervention).

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)404-430
Number of pages27
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Research Areas and Centers

  • Health Sciences

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 206-08 Cognitive and Systemic Human Neuroscience
  • 205-20 Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine

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