The determination of the bound solution conformation of D-gluco- dihydroacarbose (GAC), a tight-binding inhibitor of several glycosidase and amylase enzymes, by glucoamylase is described. Transferred NOE NMR experiments and line-broadening effects indicate that GAC is bound in a conformation resembling that observed in the crystal structure. This contrasts with the predominant conformation of GAC when free in solution. The NMR results also suggest regions on the carbohydrate that are in close contact with the protein. The determination of the bound solution conformation of GAC by glucoamylase using transferred NOE (trNOE) measurements is a significant achievement given the high affinity constant (K(a) = 3 x 107 M-1) for this receptor-ligand pair. It is striking that the off-rate for complexation is still sufficiently high to permit observation of trNOEs. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)