Determinanten der Niederlassung als Allgemeinmediziner - eine qualitative Studie

Translated title of the contribution: Determinants of Setting up a General Practice - A Qualitative Study

Ruben Zwierlein*, Frank Portenhauser, Kristina Flägel, Jost Steinhäuser

*Corresponding author for this work


Background In recent years, the motivation of the new generation of general practitioners to set up their own practice is decreasing. Knowledge of factors that promote and inhibit the process of setting up a practice can enable developing strategies to support this process. The aim of this study was to explore these determinants. Methods Between April and October 2016, self-employed general practitioners from Baden-Württemberg were invited to participate in a qualitative interview study. Stratification of 553 physicians, who participated in a general practice support program between 2008 and 2011 and set up a practice in 2008 to 2014, was based on the agglomeration in rural areas, the peripheral zones around the agglomeration and the urban agglomerations themselves. The transcripts of the interviews were analyzed by two authors with the content analysis according to Mayring and summarized. In a second step, a consensus version was elaborated. Results A total of 23 general practitioners were recruited, 57% female and 42 years on average, and mostly working in group practices. The main motivation to set up a practice was the desire to improve the situation in relation to the daily clinical routine. These included a lower duty load and more family-friendly working hours. Relevant supportive factors during setting up a practice were family support, participation in a postgraduate training rotation network program and professional counseling. Inhibiting factors were fears of recourse and indebtedness, a complicated accounting system and a bureaucratic process of admission. Conclusions On the one hand, the study shows that the many advantages of working as a general practitioner, such as its being family friendly, need to be better communicated to the doctors and their financial concerns alleviated. On the other hand, the need for courses on management of one's practice has also become clear. A standardized and optimized process of setting up a practice with an improved overview and a collegial contact person can facilitate the decision for and implementing the setting up a medical practice as a general practitioner.

Translated title of the contributionDeterminants of Setting up a General Practice - A Qualitative Study
Original languageGerman
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)527-533
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 01.06.2020

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Center for Population Medicine and Public Health (ZBV)


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