Background: Primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL), a rare malignancy of the eye, is strongly related to primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). We hypothesized that lymphoma cells disseminate to the CNS and eye tissue via distinct homing receptors. The objective of this study was to test expression of CXCR4, CXCR5, CXCR7 and CD44 homing receptors on CD20 positive B-lymphoma cells on enucleated eyes using a PCNSL xenograft mouse model. Methods: We used indirect immunofluorescence double staining for CD20/CXCR4, CD20/CXCR5, CD20/CXCR7 and CD20/CD44 on enucleated eyes of a PCNSL xenograft mouse model with PVRL phenotype (PCNSL group) in comparison to a secondary CNS lymphoma xenograft mouse model (SCNSL group). Lymphoma infiltration was evaluated with an immunoreactive score (IRS). Results: 11/13 paired eyes of the PCNSL but none of the SCNSL group were infiltrated by CD20-positive cells. Particularly the choroid and to a lesser extent the retina of the PCNSL group were infiltrated by CD20+/CXCR4+, CD20+/CXCR5+, few CD20+/CD44+ but no CD20+/CXCR7+ cells. Expression of CXCR4 (p = 0.0205), CXCR5 (p = 0.0004) and CD44 (p < 0.0001) was significantly increased in the PCNSL compared to the SCNSL group. Conclusions: CD20+ PCNSL lymphoma cells infiltrating the eye co-express distinct homing receptors such as CXCR4 and CXCR5 in a PVRL homing mouse model. These receptors may be involved in PVRL homing into the eye.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
- Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)