Current Status of Catheter-based Mitral Valve Replacement

Elias Rawish, Tobias Schmidt, Ingo Eitel, Christian Frerker*

*Corresponding author for this work
5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) has been developed to address the need for an alternative therapeutic option to surgery in patients suffering from severe mitral regurgitation who are at high surgical risk. The present review illustrated the state-of-the-art of catheter-based mitral valve replacement evaluating technical characteristics and early clinical experience of different devices to outline prospects and challenges of TMVR. Recent findings: Several devices are currently under clinical assessment. Early experience has demonstrated high procedural success of TMVR. However, TMVR faces several possible hurdles such as left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) after prosthesis deployment, access site complications, and thrombotic risk requiring anticoagulatory therapy. Summary: Future studies should assess long-term prosthesis stability, optimal anticoagulation regime, and occurrence of paravalvular leakage. The development of smaller TMVR prostheses suitable for transseptal implantation could overcome bleeding complications. In perspective, TMVR may emerge to a clinically relevant therapeutic approach for patients with severe MR at high surgical risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article number95
JournalCurrent cardiology reports
Volume23
Issue number8
ISSN1523-3782
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08.2021

Research Areas and Centers

  • Centers: Cardiological Center Luebeck (UHZL)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-12 Cardiology, Angiology

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