In the original article, we noted two mutation annotation errors. The correction of these two mistakes does not change the scientific conclusions in any way. The authors apologize for these nomenclature errors. Please find below the corrected annotations of those two mutations: (1) The correct RNA and protein annotations of the SMAD6 variant in P99 are c.455_461del and p.Pro152Profs*27, and not c.454_461del and p.Gly166Valfs*23. (2) The correct RNA and protein annotations of the SMAD6 variant in P128 are c.74_79del and p.Ser27_Gly28del, and not c.73_79del and p.Gly26_Ser27del. As a consequence, a correction has been made to RESULTS, Paragraphs 5 and 6: The SMAD6 c.726del variant leads to a frameshift (p.Lys242Asnfs*300) and a predicted protein with a C-terminal extension due to loss of the intended stop codon. The c.455_461del frameshift variant (p.Pro152Profs*27) causes the introduction of a premature stop codon, most likely resulting in haploinsufficiency due to nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). Also the two nonsense variants (p.Tyr279* and p.Tyr288*) are predicted to lead to NMD. All of the missense variants cluster in the functionally important MH1 and MH2 domains (Makkar et al., 2009) (amino acids 148-275 and 331-496, respectively), which is not the case for the sole missense variant (p.Ser130Leu) found in a control individual (Figure 2). All but one (p.Arg443His) of the identified variants were absent in the ExAC control cohort (v0.3.1; Supplementary Table 2). Moreover, the missense variants in the patient cohort (7/7) are enriched in the MH1 and MH2 domains when compared to ExAC controls (n = 228/430; p = 0.02).