Computertomographie oder Magnetresonanztomographie zur Diagnostik des chronischen Koronarsyndroms?

Translated title of the contribution: Computed tomography or cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis of chronic coronary syndrome?

A. Haenel*, E. Stahlberg, M. M. Sieren, J. Barkhausen

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

Background: Noninvasive imaging modalities are of central importance in the diagnosis of chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) in the current guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), while the role of primary invasive coronary angiography in this context is increasingly being questioned. This review provides a summary of the most important diagnostic strategies from the radiology perspective. Methodological issue: The diagnostic algorithm is guided by the pretest probability (PTP) for the presence of CCS, which can be estimated based on age, sex, and symptoms. It is important to note that PTP in the current guidelines has decreased significantly compared to older recommendations and this change has an impact on the selection of the most appropriate imaging technique. Standard radiological methods: In patients with low PTP (>5% and <15%) and without prediagnosed coronary artery disease (CAD), CCS can be safely ruled out with inconspicuous computed tomography angiogram (CTA) of the coronary vessels. In patients with increased PTP (>15%) or prediagnosed CAD, noninvasive functional imaging should be primarily used to detect ischemia. Performance and methodical innovations: The excellent sensitivity (89%), specificity (87%) and high prognostic relevance make stress perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging the functional method of first choice. Technical innovations and the use of artificial intelligence-based methods for image analysis could contribute to further improve its accuracy in the future. Practical recommendations: Radiologists should be aware of the recommendations of the current guidelines and work towards the establishment of coronary CTA and stress perfusion CMR in clinical routine.

Translated title of the contributionComputed tomography or cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis of chronic coronary syndrome?
Original languageGerman
JournalRadiologe
Volume60
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1114-1121
Number of pages8
ISSN0033-832X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.12.2020

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Biomedical Engineering

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-30 Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, Radiation Therapy and Radiobiology
  • 205-32 Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering

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