Background Obesity appears to be associated with reduced physical performance, but comprehensive assessments of physical functioning are lacking in subjects with severe obesity, in particular in comparison with subjects without obesity. This precludes an objective assessment of the degree of impairment. Objective To compare motor skills and cardiopulmonary fitness between subjects with severe obesity (OB) (i.e., candidates for bariatric surgery) and control subjects without obesity (non-OB). Setting Cantonal Hospital, Switzerland. Methods Flexibility, movement speed, balance, maximal isometric strength, and cardiopulmonary fitness were tested in 45 OB (body mass index: 42.6±.9 kg/m2; age: 35±1.7 years; 33 women) and 32 non-OB (body mass index: 23±.4 kg/m2; age: 38.5±2.1 years; 25 women) subjects. Results In comparison with the non-OB group, the OB group showed reduced shoulder flexibility (P<.001) but comparable hamstrings flexibility (P =.3). Speed-related tasks (i.e., timed up-and-go test and timed lying-to-standing test) indicated that the OB group was slower than the non-OB group (all P<.007). Strength-related tasks indicated a greater absolute back muscle and knee-extensor strength (all P<.002) in the OB group with no difference in knee-flexor strength (both P>.8). However, when related to weight, the OB group showed reduced maximal strength (all P<.002). Bicycle spiroergometry indicated that absolute oxygen consumption at peak exercise and at the anaerobic threshold did not differ between groups (both P>.06). Related to weight, however, values were lower in the OB than in the non-OB group (both P<.001). Conclusion Data indicate a differential pattern of functional impairment in bariatric surgery candidates compared with subjects without obesity. These findings might help to establish tailored intervention protocols to improve physical performance in such subjects.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)